Pancreatic Cancer Treatment
Pancreatic cancer is an oncological disease that is difficult to diagnose at an early stage. According to the statistics, men get sick more often. Like most tumors, pancreatic cancer affects mainly elderly people, which is explained by a decrease in the natural mechanisms of antitumor protection, the accumulation of mutations and impaired cell division. Since the disease is not accompanied by specific symptoms, patients usually see a doctor only at the advanced stages. Nevertheless, today treatment is performed at any stage of the disease due to the development of modern medicine.
What can increase pancreatic cancer risks?
An unambiguous cause of pancreatic cancer has not been established yet, but there are main factors contributing to this disease. Avoiding them you can reduce personal chance of pancreatic cancer.
Main reasons are:
- Chronic diseases of the pancreas.
- Diseases of the biliary tract.
- Heredity, genetic abnormalities.
- Unbalanced diet.
- Elderly age.
- Weak immune system.
Symptoms of the pancreatic cancer
The onset of the disease is usually asymptomatic. The first manifestations are pain in the left hypochondrium, weight loss for no apparent reason, “heaviness” in the stomach after eating, severe fatigue, general weakness, loss of appetite. Later symptoms include:
- Severe itching of the skin.
- Meat intolerance.
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Diarrhea (fetid stool).
- Feeling of exhaustion.
Pancreatic cancer diagnostics
At the early stages the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is difficult due to the absence of specific symptoms. To confirm the diagnosis after examining the patient and collecting an anamnesis, the doctor will prescribe a number of necessary examinations, namely:
- Complete blood count and urine analysis, blood biochemistry, coagulogram.
- Blood test for tumor markers.
- Levels of insulin, C-peptide, gastrin in the blood.
- Levels of pancreatic amylase in urine and blood.
- Level of alkaline phosphatase in the blood and pancreatic elastase in the feces.
Instrumental examinations include abdominal ultrasound, CT, MRI (MRI with contrast), PET, endoscopic retrograde cholangiography, laparoscopy, biopsy. If metastasizing is suspected, CT of the lymph nodes of the abdominal cavity, liver, kidneys and spine, CT and MRI of the brain is prescribed. These studies will help determine the type of tumor, its size, as well as determine the stage of cancer and make the correct diagnosis.
Pancreatic cancer treatment
Treatment depends on the stage of the disease, the size of the tumor, and the health condition of the patient. The main methods are surgical treatment, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy.
Types of surgical operations:
- Total resection of the pancreas.
- Distal resection.
- Segmental resection.
- Whipple procedure.
- Palliative surgery (performed with unresectable tumors).
The prognosis for pancreatic cancer depends on the location of the tumor, degree of atypical cells spreading, presence of metastases, general health condition of the patient. The prognosis for exocrine cancer is disappointing, as the survival rate reaches only 6%.
Prevention of pancreatic cancer
These tips will help you avoid pancreatic cancer:
- Exclude or reduce significantly the amount of fatty and fried foods and vice versa, as often as possible eat fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Do not drink or limit alcohol consumption.
- Be physically active, be out in the fresh air.
- Stop smoking.
- Monitor the state of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. Treat or control diseases such as pancreatitis, pancreatic adenoma or cyst, diabetes mellitus, cirrhosis.
To detect oncology at the early stages, it is recommended to undergo an examination at least once every two years. It includes ultrasound of the pancreas, CT scan, a complete blood count.
Modern ways of pancreatic cancer treatment
Through the rapid development of modern medicine, some countries already have the most advanced medical equipment in the hospitals for cancer treatment. Pancreatic cancer treatment is especially developed in clinics of Germany, where high-quality specialists and modern equipment are located.
Nowadays it’s easier than ever to get treatment of pancreatic cancer in Germany. To do this, just contact Booking Health. With help of the company, you can easily find the best healthcare institution for the treatment of pancreatic cancer in Germany at low prices.