India E Governance
The bride and groom hitched the knot in the presence of the family member. But, this will not declare them as a married couple in the jurisdiction. To officially declare as a married couple, they must have a Marriage certificate. It is a document issued by the government of the country to claim your relationship as husband and wife. It is done to prove your marriage before the court or the registrar in the under-registration offices duly signed by 4 witnesses from both parties.
Nowadays, married couples need to have a copy of the marriage document. It helps in the legal and final proceedings in many situations.
In India, marriage is considered as a sacred tradition and valued high. Marriages take place to maintain a relationship between only two people, it is mentally and physically and also genuine and good for everyone.
The country gives many rights to a married couple. Let’s understand their significance in our daily lives.
What rights can be availed with a marriage certificate in India?
Please note that one can take advantage of all the below-mentioned rights if they have official proof of their marriage – Marriage certificate.
- The bride has the right to live in the matrimonial home after the marriage.
- The courts use the “capable person” test to determine whether or not they can make a living. This helps the spouse to know the financial status of the partner.
- The marriage certificate gives the parties the right to acquire properties in joint names, joint bank accounts, and lockers. They can nominate each other as nominees in insurance, pensions, etc.
- 4. Spouses are legally entitled to a pension if the partner dies or becomes disabled.
- 5. According to the intestate succession rules, when the husband dies, the wife receives the same participation in all the goods of her husband along with their children.
Without a Marriage document, the husband and wife can’t claim any of the rights mentioned above. Therefore, if you do not hold a copy of your marriage, apply for it now, and enjoy life.
What laws register marriage in India?
In India, marriages are registered to the personal laws of religion, which are declared by the marriage parties. For interreligious and international marriages we have the Special Marriage Act of 1954 and the Foreign Marriage Act of 1969. So we have laws that regulate the essential conditions for a valid marriage, the reasons for the dissolution, maintenance of spouse and children, adoption, guardianship, etc.
We also have some secular laws dealing with marital matters, in the form of Section 125 in the CrPC, Section 498A of the IPC, Family Courts Act, 1984 and the Domestic Violence Act, 2005.
In Hindu culture, marriage is seen as an eternal union for many future lives. Therefore, the concept of divorce was not recognized before the 1955 Hindu Marriage Act came into existence. These laws are framed to give marriage a high status in society.
Are you planning to complete your higher education at London University? Or do you want to establish your new startup in California? Well, the thoughts are amazing. Countries like the United States, Europe, Germany, and more are in the bucket list of many of us for different purposes. We all dreamt of visiting these countries once in a lifetime. So, where we start? The simple answer is by applying for a Passport. I have seen many people asking that do I need a Birth Certificate to apply for passport? Or I lost my passport how can I get a new birth certificate?
No, the Birth certificate is a mandatory document when applying for a passport. We will also answer what to do if you have lost your birth document and how to get a new birth certificate easily. So, continue reading this post to get a complete understanding.
Does birth certificate have any role in the passport application?
Birth Certificate gives you permanent recognition in this world. It discloses about your parent, time of birth, birthplace, and more. The certificate is a prominent piece of information so that none of your human rights are violated. If we talk about Birth document importance when applying for a passport, it doesn’t hold any.
Earlier in the 90s century Passport officer used to ask for Birth Certificates from those who are applying to go out from one country to another. Later this practice has been stopped. Now, one can easily apply for a passport without any birth document. Now, let’s consider a scenario when some lost a birth certificate or it gets destroyed due to any activity.
How can I get a New Birth certificate after my original copy is lost?
This is one of the most searched queries on the internet. Birth certificate paper is an official proof of your existence that lets you enjoy rights given by the constitution. But, sometimes due to carelessness or other activities, we lose this important information.
Now, the big question is how I can get a new birth certificate in a couple of days. It is pretty much simple. First, you need to file an FIR about the loss of birth certificate. Then, take that copy to the Municipal office to get a new copy of the Birth certificate.
The procedure to get a new birth document copy usually takes 15-30 takes. If one has applied online, the user needs to check the status in some days. For offline users, they need to visit the Municipal Office to get the information. The complete process is transparent and doesn’t cost you any charges.
In the end, we like to say that there are some documents that every person must carry for survival. A birth certificate is a vital piece of information that details your existence in the world. It not only helps an individual to get enrolled and use many rights but also helps the government to maintain a permanent record of your existence.
A death certificate is an official document issued by the medical professional in charge at the time of death, which holds proof of the death of an individual. It is a legal record that states the demise of a person, mentioning all the details of the death such as the time, date and place of death, etc. it is necessary to register a death within 21 days of the individual’s death. As per the Provision of Registration of Death, 1961, it is compulsory to register all deaths under the State Government. The death certificate is issued to the closest relative of the deceased.
In every state, Municipal Corporation is responsible for the registration of death certificates. For instance, in Delhi it is done by the Municipal Corporation of Delhi.
Why is it important to get a death certificate?
It is essential to register the death of an individual as it can benefit the family members financially suffering from a traumatic loss, and many other reasons –
- It provides documentary proof of the death and cause of death of the person.
- It is useful in genealogical studies.
- In order to relieve the deceased person from all social, economic and other legal commitments.
- A death certificate provides all the information about the death of the person – cause, time, place, date and other necessary details.
- In order to collect various life insurances after the death of the person, which can be done by a close family member only after submitting a copy of the death certificate.
- In matters of property inheritance, a death certificate is very important.
What details are reflected in the death certificate?
All necessary details about the death of the person are added in the death certificate. It carries information such as-
Full name of the deceased person,
- Residential address,
- Sex and age of the person,
- Date of birth of the person,
- Place and time of birth,
- The marital status of the person,
- Education qualification of the deceased,
- The social security number,
- Date and time of death,
- Cause of death,
- Place of death (hospital or nursing home’s name)
Some facts about death certificates in India –
- In a 2019 report, it was stated that approximately 60% of death certificates registered in Karnataka do not have the cause of death mentioned on it. 6 out of 10 deaths in the state that were registered, did not have any mention of the cause of death.
- As of 2013, only 67% of deaths had been registered in India, which suggests that almost 40 million deaths go unregistered and hence, the family members are unable to obtain the basic insurance policies after the death of a major member of the family.
- According to 2013 statistics, states like Karnataka, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Haryana are doing well in registering the deaths, whereas Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar have a low ratio for death registrations compared to all the other states.
- Between the years 1999-2011, there was an improvement in the number of registered deaths in India. However, very little focus was put on the sample distribution and sample errors that occur while declaring the cause of death by the medical practitioners.