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A Beginners Guide to Wine

What’s wine? An alcoholic beverage made from fermented wine grape juice. What defines a wine’s taste is the winemaking process, the type of vintage, and the type of grape used. However, drinking wine is more than alcohol indulgence; it has to be an enjoyable experience. Some people even take wine courses to expand their knowledge in the field.

Most wines in the world are made with wine grapes and grapes. The smaller and sweet one that contains seeds and has thick skins. Over 1300 wine grape varieties are produced, but less than 100 types make up 75% of vineyards globally. The famous variety today is Cabernet Sauvignon, and it is the most grown grape. Red wine grape varieties include Syrah, Pinot Noir, and Merlot. The white grape varieties include; Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Gris, and Chardonnay.

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Types of wine

All wines are grouped into five, and each group is derived from different grave varieties and vine making processes and styles. Let’s look at these groups shortly:

Red wine

These wines range from light to bold, but still, these wines are made from black grapes. Some varieties we use for red wine include Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Malbec, Merlot, Grenache & Pinot Noir.

White wine

White wines have flavors ranging from light to rich, and still, these wines are produced from white grapes and occasional black types. White grape wine varieties include; Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Chardonnay, and Pinot Gris or Grigio.

Rose wine

Rose wine is a wine from black grapes, but the skins are removed before it taints into a deep red. Rose wine is also a product of mixing two types of wines, red and white wines. You will find both dry and sweet styles of rose wine popular.

Sparkling wine

Sparkling wine can be either red, white, or rose wine, ranging from lean – dry and rich-sweet. The wine making style of sparkling wine involves a secondary fermentation that makes bubbles.

Dessert wines

Dessert wines taste sweet mostly, but there exist dry and fortified wines, i.e., Sherry. The winemaking styles involve fortifying wines with spirits.

Now that you know different types of wines, you look forward to drinking wine and enjoy.

The difference between white and red wine

You don’t have difficulty recognizing white from red wine. They look different, and you don’t need any explanation on that. Their tastes, too, are different! Do you care to know why they look different or why they taste different? The culprit that makes the difference is the skins of the grapes and tannins they usually bring to the party. So what is tannin? I have heard a lot of wine people talk about a couple of times. Tannins are natural substances occurring in grapes and other fruits that taste bitter and cause a dry puckery feeling in the mouth. Tannins end up in the wines when the skins are allowed to ferment with the wines. All the color that makes the difference in wines come from the skin.